Archifdy Ceredigion Archives
CDC/MOH Cardiganshire Medical Officer of Health
Acc. Various accessionsRef: CDC/MOHREFERENCE:
[GB 0212] CDC/MOHTITLE:
Papers of the Cardiganshire Medical Officer of HealthDATE(S):
30 seriesSCOPE AND CONTENT:
The collection provides detailed information on the role of the Cardiganshire Medical Officer of Health and the services provided by the Health Department of Cardiganshire County Council. The papers include correspondence, reports, medical records, statistics, lectures, circulars and annual reports.
The collection consists of extensive correspondence and papers of Dr Ernest Jones who worked as
County Medical Officer of Health and School Medical Officer from the mid 1920s to his retirement in 1956. These include lectures he gave to the local community to raise awareness of issues relating to health, diet and sanitation. In addition there are files of correspondence of his successor Dr Iestyn Morgan Watkin who continued to develop and modernise health services across the county.
The collection contains a large series of papers relating to the treatment of tuberculosis which was prevalent in Wales, leading to the Committee of Inquiry into the Anti-Tuberculosis Service in Wales and Monmouthshire. The Committee was established to investigate ‘the working arrangements for the prevention, treatment and aftercare of tuberculosis’. Through reports and newspaper articles Ernest Jones raised awareness of the conditions leading to the increase of cases including the impact of lead mines, overcrowded housing and poor nutrition.
The papers relating to Air Raid Precautions and the Emergency Medical Service provide detailed information about local organisation and the influence of national events and regulations. Ernest Jones organised medical inspections of evacuee school children arriving from Liverpool and emergency maternity care including the temporary transfer of a maternity home from London to the Queen’s Hotel in Aberystwyth.
Further papers relate to the establishment of the County Maternity Home and the training of midwives, district nurses and health visitors. There was an increasing emphasis on welfare and mental health services demonstrated by extensive minutes of committees relating to institutions and homes.ARRANGEMENT
N.B. The complete reference number for the collection is CDC/MOH as it forms part of the records of Cardiganshire County Council. For convenience the references used in the catalogue entries begin MOH.
The collection is arranged into the following series: MOH/1:
Second World WarMOH/4:
School Medical OfficerMOH/5:
County Maternity HomeMOH/6:
Maternity and child welfareMOH/7:
Maternity and child welfare clinicsMOH/9:
Welfare services for the blindMOH/12:
Welsh Board of HealthMOH/16:
County Ambulance ServiceMOH/17:
Milk accreditation and testingMOH/20:
Minutes and papers of Health DepartmentMOH/21:
Borough and district minutesMOH/22:
Housing and sanitationMOH/23:
Medical returns and statisticsMOH/24:
South Wales and Monmouthshire Joint Cancer CommitteeMOH/25:
Lectures of Ernest JonesMOH/29:
Mental Deficiency ActMOH/30:
Additional papersNOTE ON SPELLING
The anglicized spellings of place names are used in the catalogue if that is how they appear in the original documents. ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
Medical Officers of Health (MOH) were appointed to oversee public health in their county or borough, and also held the post of School Medical Officer. The work of the Cardiganshire Medical Officer of Health was supported by the Inspector of Midwives and Superintendent Health Visitor and there were a number of district medical officers and sanitary inspectors working across the county.
The MOH recorded statistical information about births, deaths and diseases and worked to improve public health provision and living conditions in relation to sanitation, clean water supplies, nutrition and housing.
The papers record the development of health care services in Cardiganshire such as the introduction of school medical examinations which had a major impact on the health and nutrition of children and ultimately influenced the advent of free health care for all through the establishment of the National Health Service.
The Medical Officer of Health played a central and vital role in transforming healthcare across the country but was eventually superseded by the restructuring and reorganisation of council services.
Names and dates of the Medical Officers of Health for Cardiganshire for the period covered by the annual reports in the collection:
Dr Walter Davies: 1908 – c. 1911
Dr Rees William Rees: c. 1911 – 1914
Dr L. Meredith Davies: 1918 – c. 1925
Dr Ernest Jones: c. 1926 – 1956
Dr Iestyn Morgan Watkin: 1956 – 1973 (not date of retirement).ARCHIVAL HISTORYRESTRICTIONS ON ACCESS
The collection contains a number of items which are subject to the Data Protection Act and closed for 100 years from the year of creation or calculated from the age of the data subject. These include medical records and additional personal data or sensitive information.
Please contact Ceredigion Archives if you wish to apply to view any of these documents for research purposes. The restricted items are noted in the catalogue entries. LANGUAGE
There are a small number of documents in Welsh. NOTES
A large amount of the collection has been transferred into archival packaging. Original file names when present appear in the catalogue entries in inverted commas. Some of the files have been repackaged into more than one folder due their size and this is noted under ‘extent’ in brackets, for example ‘1 item (3 folders)’.
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